Devuan GNU+Linux is a free software operating system for your computer. Free software means you are free to use, copy and distribute, study, change the software, and share your modifications with the community.

Migrate to Devuan Ascii

This document describes how to migrate to Devuan Ascii from Debian Jessie or Stretch. Currently migration to ASCII from Debian Jessie or Stretch is not straight forward if you use GNOME or network manager due to some held packages, and each respective migration is a little different but this should work round the issues in both cases.

Migrating from the GNOME desktop

Because there is no transitional package yet GNOME users will need to install xfce4 and slim manually. Choose slim as the default display manager when prompted.

root@debian:~# apt-get install xfce4 slim

Set the session manager to startxfce4 so that the new desktop can be used later.

root@debian:~# update-alternatives --config x-session-manager

Replacing network manager with wicd

If you are relying on network manager for network access you need to change to wicd now. Another option is manual network configuration. Due to a lack of compatible network configuration in Stretch, if you are upgrading remotely you MUST use manual network configuration or the remote host WILL become unavailable. This requires creating /etc/network/interfaces manually before attempting the upgrade.

root@debian:~# apt-get install wicd

Make sure network manager is removed from the boot process.

root@debian:~# update-rc.d -f network-manager remove

Wireless connections should now be configured to automatically connect with wicd. Stop network manager before configuring your network.

root@debian:~# /etc/init.d/network-manager stop

Perform the migration

Devuan uses sysvinit by default so we will install this now. If you see Package ‘sysvinit-core’ has no installation candidate then you need to run apt-get update first.

root@debian:~# apt-get install sysvinit-core

A reboot is required to switch sysvinit to pid1 so we can remove systemd.

root@debian:~# reboot

We can now remove systemd without any complaints.

root@debian:~# apt-get purge systemd

Edit the sources.list file so that we can switch to the Devuan repositories.

root@debian:~# editor /etc/apt/sources.list

Add the Devuan mirrors with the ascii codename. Comment out any other lines.

deb ascii main
deb ascii-updates main
deb ascii-security main
deb ascii-backports main

Update the package indexes so we can install the Devuan archive keyring.

root@debian:~# apt-get update

Install the Devuan keyring so packages can be authenticated from this point onwards.

root@debian:~# apt-get install devuan-keyring --allow-unauthenticated

Update the package indexes again so that they are authenticated with the keyring.

root@debian:~# apt-get update

Finally we can migrate to Devuan.

root@debian:~# apt-get dist-upgrade

Post migration tasks

systemd components should now be removed from the system.

root@devuan:~# apt-get purge systemd-shim

Purge any orphaned packages left over from your previous Debian install.

root@devuan:~# apt-get autoremove --purge

This is a good time to clean out old package archives left over from your Debian system.

root@devuan:~# apt-get autoclean

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